A coronavirus is a type of virus. As a group, coronaviruses are common across the world. Typical symptoms of coronavirus include fever and a cough that may progress to a severe pneumonia causing shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.

Generally, coronavirus can cause more severe symptoms in people with weakened immune systems, older people, and those with long-term conditions like diabetes, cancer and chronic lung disease.

Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new strain of coronavirus first identified in Wuhan City, China.

How to stop the infection spreading

  • wash your hands with soap and water often – do this for at least 20 seconds
  • use hand sanitiser gel if soap and water are not available
  • wash your hands as soon as you get home
  • cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when you cough or sneeze
  • put used tissues in the bin immediately and wash your hands afterwards
  • if you can, wear something that covers your nose and mouth when it's hard to stay away from people, such as on public transport – see staying safe outside your home on GOV.UK
  • do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth if your hands are not clean
  • Looking after your health and wellbeing
  • To help yourself stay well while you're at home:
  • stay in touch with family and friends over the phone or on social media
  • try to keep yourself busy – you could try activities like cooking, reading, online learning and watching films
  • do light exercise at home or outside – see NHS fitness studio: exercises you can do at home
  • consider taking 10 micrograms of vitamin D each day if you're indoors most of the day – this is to keep your bones and muscles healthy


If you have coronavirus symptoms

Do not go to places like a GP surgery, pharmacy or hospital if you think you might have coronavirus. Stay at home.if you have either:

  • a high temperature – this means you feel hot to touch on your chest or back (you do not need to measure your temperature)
  • a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours (if you usually have a cough, it may be worse than usual)

Use the 111 online coronavirus service - Only call 111 if you cannot get help online.

Please click here to see if you can get tested -

Staying at home if you have symptoms (self-isolation)

If your symptoms are mild, you'll usually be advised to not leave your home for at least 7 days. Anyone you live with should not leave your home for 14 days. This is called self-isolation. Find out more about self-isolation if you or someone you live with has coronavirus symptoms. If you have symptoms of coronavirus, use the 111 online coronavirus service to get an isolation note.


Vulnerable adults (shielding)

If you're at high risk from coronavirus, you should have received a letter from the NHS. Speak to your GP or hospital care team if you have not been contacted and think you should have been.

If you're at high risk from coronavirus, you're advised to take extra steps to protect yourself. This includes not leaving your home for any reason (called shielding).  This advice is for people who have received a letter from the NHS saying they're at high risk. It's currently recommended you follow this advice until at least the end of June 2020.

See what to do if you're at high risk from coronavirus.If you live with someone who is at high risk, see our advice about what to do if you live with someone who is at high risk from coronavirus. If you're at moderate risk from coronavirus, it's very important you follow the advice on social distancing.

If you've been told you're at high risk from coronavirus, you can register for support, such as getting food delivered to your home. You can either register for coronavirus support on GOV.UK or call 0800 028 8327 to register You'll need your NHS number to register. You can find this on the letter you received telling you that you're at high risk, or on any prescriptions.


Coronavirus in pregnancy

If you're pregnant, you may be unsure how coronavirus (COVID-19) could affect you, your baby and your pregnancy care. It's important to let your midwife or maternity team know if you have symptoms of coronavirus, and to ask them for help with any other concerns as you usually would. There's no evidence that pregnant women are more likely to get seriously ill from coronavirus.

But pregnant women have been included in the list of people at moderate risk (clinically vulnerable) as a precaution. This is because pregnant women can sometimes be more at risk from viruses like flu. It's not clear if this happens with coronavirus. But because it's a new virus, it's safer to include pregnant women in the moderate-risk group.

Your Pregnancy and Coronavirus Advice

Coronavirus in children

Children can get coronavirus (COVID-19), but they seem to get it less often than adults and it's usually less serious.

What to do if your child has symptoms of coronavirus or seems very unwell

  • Use the 111 online coronavirus service if your child is 5 or over. Call 111 if they're under 5.
  • Children and babies will still get illnesses that can make them very unwell quickly. It's important to get medical help if you need it:
  • is under 3 months old and has a temperature of 38C or higher, or you think they have a fever
  • is 3 to 6 months old and has a temperature of 39C or higher, or you think they have a fever
  • has other signs of illness, such as a rash, as well as a high temperature (fever)
  • has a high temperature that's lasted for 5 days or more
  • does not want to eat, or is not their usual self and you're worried
  • has a high temperature that does not come down with paracetamol
  • is dehydrated – for example, nappies are not very wet, sunken eyes, and no tears when they're crying


Support for victims of domestic abuse

Measures announced over recent weeks to tackle coronavirus (COVID-19) have seen people’s day-to-day lives drastically altered. These changes are essential to beat coronavirus and protect our NHS.

The government acknowledges that the order to stay at home can cause anxiety for those who are experiencing or feel at risk of domestic abuse. There is never an excuse for domestic abuse, no matter what the circumstances are.

For anyone who feels they are at risk of abuse, it is important to remember that there is help and support available to you, including police response, online support, helplines, refuges and other services. You are not alone.

The household isolation instruction as a result of coronavirus does not apply if you need to leave your home to escape domestic abuse.

Friends, family, neighbours and community members can be a vital lifeline to those living with domestic abuse. If you are worried that someone you know may be a victim of domestic abuse, reassure them that the police and support services are still there to help and direct them to sources of support.

The government supports and funds several charities who can provide advice and guidance and we are in regular contact with the charity sector and the police to ensure that these support services remain open during this challenging time.


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Advice on mental health while you're staying at home

Every Mind Matters: 10 tips to help if you are worried about coronavirus

Every Mind Matters: looking after your mental wellbeing while staying at home

GOV.UK: guidance on wellbeing and coronavirus with advice on autism, dementia, learning disabilities, older people, and mental health conditions


Supplying face mask exemption letters to patients

The Government guidance suggests there is no requirement for evidence for exemption. It should be sufficient for someone to declare that they are eligible for an exemption direct with the person questioning them (eg bus driver).

Practices are therefore not required to provide letters of support for those who fall under the list of exemptions, or to those who do not fall under the list of exemptions.

Exemption Support

Some providers are providing evidence of exemptions themselves, see for example:

Arriva - -

Disability Horizons -


Hidden disabilities -

First Bus -

Nexus -

Stage coach -


Patient discharge advice leaflets

NHS England has released two discharge leaflets for patients discharged from Hospital, A&E or a GP consultation recovering from Covid-19. 

Covid-19 Infection Discharge from hospital stay Patient advice leaflet

Covid-19 Infection Discharge from A&E or GP consultation Patient advice leaflet

Supporting your recovery after COVID-19

As you find yourself recovering from COVID-19 you may still be coming to terms with the impact the virus has had on both your body and mind. These changes should get better over time, some may take longer than others, but there are things you can do to help. Your COVID Recovery helps you to understand what has happened and what you might expect as part of your recovery.

For further information PLEASE CLICK HERE

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